K5TRA 927 MHz repeater construction & testing
927 MHz repeater panels: TR/RX & link radios, controller, LNA/preselector cavities, & fuse block
Interior of 927 MHz repeater with duplexer, circulator, PA, powersupplies, and link cavity
K5TRA Repeater Construction
The transmit and receive radios I have used are Kenwood. The earlier repeaters use a pair of TK-931s, and are stil in service in the Portland and Vancouver metro area. All four repeaters in the greater Austin metro area use TK-941s. My portable repeater also uses a pair of TK-941s. Link radios in the earlier repeaters (Portland/Vancouver) are Motorola Maxtrac and CM-200. The TK-840 is used to link all of the Austin machines.
Power amplifiers have all been Motorola cellular 300W (SGTF-1019), in the Portland repeaters, or 150W (SGTF-2520) in the Austin repeaters. Fans are used on all PAs and on transmit radios. These amplifiers are rated in PEP due to original operation in linear service. Hams have used them for SSB operation too. In FM service, they perform very well. Modifications are not difficult. The bias & control board can be removed and replaced with a LM-7805 +5 V regulator. +24 V is required for collector supply. If the STGF-1019 PA is used, the integrated isolator on each amplifier strip must be bypassed (top frequency for the isolator is 904 MHz). This can be accomplished by either an RG-316 jumper around the isolator, or by removing the puck from the housing and running the jumper through the empty circulator shell. If the SGTF-2520 is used, the isolator is separately mounted in the housing. It can simply be removed. Biasing is the same as with the higher power amplifier.
Two power supplies are used in all repeaters: +12V and +24V. My prefered power supply is from the Meanwell 600W series of switching type supplies. Fuse blocks are used to provide fuses on all lines. A dedicated AC power distribution strip is mounted in the cabinet.
Celwave isolators with 100W loads are placed between PA output and duplexer TX input. This is not only for PA protection to mismatch; but for IMD protection (PA final can mix repeater output with other co-located signals).
A LNA with a pre-selector filter is placed between the duplexer port and the receiver input. I have used ARR, Angle Linear, and Minicircuits LNAs. My preference is either Chip Angle's product or the Minicircuits pHEMT product: ZX60-0916LN. A pair (P-PR) of WACOM cavities is my pre-selector preference.
I have used many different types of duplexers. The easiest to get with good performance are the WACOM cavities. That said, I really like the performance offered by dual-combline cellular duplexers. Narda West (Loral) dual-combline duplexers are in all of the Austin 100W repeaters. There are two different types of these. One can be used without modification, the other requires shortening the resonator rods. One of the Austin machines uses a duplexer of this type, while the other two high power Austin repeaters use Narda duplexers that do not require modification. More information about this modification can be found in the files section at the bottom of this page. Steve-WB7BYV and Greg-WB6ZSU have both performed this modification with good results. Greg-KJ6KO also uses Narda West duplexers in NC9RS system.
Link radios all have dedicated Motorola T-1500 (PR) cavities to protect against IMD in both transmitter and receiver circuits from co-located sources.
ICS Linker-IIa controllers are used in the two Portland repeaters, the four Austin repeaters and in the portable repeater. There certainly are more feature rich controllers available. I use an Arcom RC-210 in my UHF repeater. Given the quantity multiplier, a low cost 2-port controller with full basic features was my solution. (I wasn't looking for a controller to talk to me). The Linker-IIa has worked out well for me. I use it's fan control to also key biasing to the PA. Additionally, I have made a couple of mods such as inhibit PL in the link transmitter during ID, and reduction of tone amplitude range. Please contact me for more info about this. I also use a DTMF controlled relay to toggle power to the controller as a failsafe means of hard rebooting. This can be invaluable in a mountaintop installation in the middle of the winter.
During the past several years I have been migratng the internet linking from EchoLink to Allstar. The 927_TECH hub server is still maintained and linked into the Allstar 900 MHz network; but, the EchoLink side has become secondary. Allstar is an implementation of asterisk, an open source PBX that runs on Linux. The Linux platform can provide complete multiport repeater controller functionality, thereby eliminating the need for a controller board! The most recent repeaters that I have built do not have hardware controller boards in them. I have built three with mini-ITX Celeron boards. The results have been very good. Allstar has a range of codecs available (depending on available BW). Linked and repeated audio is superb. More recently, a number of the 900 MHz group has been building with "Beaglebone Black" ARM processor boards. Results have been so good with BBB boards that I think it's safe to say this is the future direction for all of us. I have also deployed a repeater using a Raspberry Pi-2 in La Grange TX with results similar to the BBB board. I have added an Allstar page that may also be of interest: http://k5tra.net/AllstarLink.html . If I can help with information, please feel free to contact me.
South Texas Linked 900 MHz Repeaters
|927.0125 TPL 225.7||Austin, TX (N) moved from 927.1375|
|927.0375 TPL 141.3||Canyon Lake, TX (on air soon)|
|927.0500 TPL 110.9||Round Rock, TX WD5EMS REPEATER|
|927.0625 TPL 203.5||Georgetown, TX|
|927.0625 TPL 203.5||Katy, TX N5TM REPEATER|
|927.0750 TPL 218.1||San Antonio, TX|
|927.0875 TPL 151.4||Bee Cave, TX|
|927.1125 DPL 432||Austin, TX (S)|
|927.1250 TPL 103.5||Lago Vista, TX|
|927.1625 TPL 151.4||Kerrville, TX|
|927.1625 TPL 151.4||La Grange, TX|
|927.1875 TPL 151.4||Austin, TX (Oak Hill)|
Click for current connections FM on 900 MHz is fun. The culture is very much like 70cm was 40 or 45 years ago. Radios are commercial, primarily Motorola and Kenwood. In 1970, it was Motorola, GE, and RCA. Chatter is usually interesting with some technical content. Activity level is good due to linking with other 900 MHz systems via the *927_TECH* linking reflector. For more info about radios and repeaters, download the "927 MHz presentation" file. Currently, there are approximately 300 repeaters in the US on 33cm.
NOTE: 927.1125, 927.1250, 927.1875 also have alternate inputs: 902.0125 (same PL as standard channel).
927 MHz FM presentation
33cm Repeater database NC9RS - N Calif 900 MHz
Kenwood 902/927 info *927_TECH* reflector
AR902 user group EchoLink interface
Austin area 900 MHz repeater coverage Narda combline duplexers
SAW filter boards
*927 TECH* linking reflector
The *927_TECH* EchoLink Conference is a 927 MHz repeater dedicated linking reflector. Local clusters of 927 MHz repeaters around the country are RF linked. They are open systems. The *927_TECH* server provides a closed linking backbone between these systems. Most are connected 24/7. If you have a 927 MHz repeater of link station and would like to get linked in, please contact K5TRA - email@example.com. Some of the nodes that often connect are:
K5TRA - Austin, TX
KD6VPH - Olympia, WA
KB7ZZ - Lake Frederick, MD
Additional linking with the *927_TECH* EchoLink hub is through Allstar. This includes:
K5TRA - 927 HUB -- This is our primary 900 MHz linking HUB
K5TRA - Austin 900 MHz HUB
K5TRA - Georgetown
K5TRA - San Antonio
K5TRA - Kerrville
K5TRA - Larch Mountain, WA
K5TRA - Portland, OR
KJ6KO - NC9RS 900 MHz HUB
K7QDX - Portland, OR
K7QDX - Prescatt Valley, AZ
KA3NAM - Olathe, KS
KF7LN - Mt Defiance,OR
KH6BFD - Kailua Kona, HI
NB7C - Payette, ID
W5JR - K5TEX Atlanta 900 MHz HUB
WB7BYV - Prescott, AZ
W2YMM - Long Island, NY
WB6ZSU - Irvine, CA
WB0YRG - Kansas City, KS / MO
K0XM - Kansas City, KS
AD6D - El Centro, CA
XE2K - Mexicali, Baja CA, MX
AC5PS - Mustang Ridge, TX
WB6TNP - Las Vegas 900 MHz HUB (sometimes linked)
Windows applet for *927_TECH* connected 900 MHz repeaters & link stations.
Other reflector versions of this are available ( firstname.lastname@example.org).
About 33cm FM
Click for current connections
FM on 900 MHz is fun. The culture is very much like 70cm was 40 or 45 years ago. Radios are commercial, primarily Motorola and Kenwood. In 1970, it was Motorola, GE, and RCA. Chatter is usually interesting with some technical content. Activity level is good due to linking with other 900 MHz systems via the *927_TECH* linking reflector. For more info about radios and repeaters, download the "927 MHz presentation" file. Currently, there are approximately 300 repeaters in the US on 33cm.